A wood stove may be a fantastic solution to heat the house. Wood stoves have evolved quite a bit from their potbellied ancestors. Today's wood stoves are clean and efficient, and have several advantages on environment (Of couse, this is not all aspects):
Wood stoves do not rely on petroleum.
Wood stoves use cheap, renewable local fuel.
Wood stoves produce far less pollution than a fireplace (although even a certified wood stove produces higher emissions than a natural gas stove).
However, any things or items related to fire or electricity should be paid more attention. So we should be careful for our safety. Therefore, it's quite necessary to follow these precautions we mention today and reduce the possibility of a fire or injury. Not only you need to protect the safety of your family, but also your floor and walls.
At this time, you'll need to install a noncombustible floor pad surrounding the base of the stove for a minimum area. If your walls are combustible, you can install a shield on a wall to reduce the stove's clearance area. Like the floor pad, the shield should be made of a noncombustible material, such as sheet metal. Like clearance areas, this minimum is specified by local law, however it's fairly standard for the shield to be on spacers, 1 inch (2 cm) from the wall. For instance, both the U.S. and Canada require at least 18 inches (45cm) of pad in front of the stove door and 8 inches (20cm) on the other sides.
Furthermore, there're aother way of reducing a stove's clearance area at the meanwhile protecting your floor and walls, is to install a rear heat shield on your woodburning stove. This option is not suitable for every stove. You can choose to install or not according to your own room condition.
At last, there is a point that all wood stoves and fireplaces should be cleaned and inspected before the heating season begins and frequently through out the heating season. Make sure the door latch closes properly. For fireplaces, they should be equipped with a tight fitting spark screen or enclosed with glass doors to stop sparks from landing on carpet or other nearby combustibles. Special retaining screens can also keep children and pets at a safe distance from the fire and so reduce the possibility of accidental burns.